President Muhammadu Buhari expressed excitement over the prospect of January to December budget cycle after he signed the 2020 appropriation bill into law on Tuesday in Abuja.
President Buhari triggered the January to December budget cycle after he signed the 2020 appropriation bill of N10,594,362,364,830 into law.
The executive arm of government and the National Assembly took pragmatic steps to actualise the feat of January-December budget cycle for the nation.
Nigeria was accustomed to this sequence of public expenditure until the dawn of the Fourth Republic in 1999 when the two arms involved in budget preparation and approval brought distortion to bear on the ritual due to a slew of fraud, conspiracy and incompetence.
Recall that President Buhari on 26 May 2019, signed the 2019 N8.3 trillion budget into law, which he forwarded to the legislature on December 19, 2018.
Those of 2016 and 2017 followed the same trajectory of being signed on May 6 and June 12 of the fiscal year respectively.
Earlier fiscal years were not different, resulting in the Presidency and the parliament passing the buck against each other. Both are culpable.
TNG notes that the budget process has to go through four critical processes which are: drafting, legislative approval, implementation and; monitoring and evaluation.
President of the Senate, Ahmed Lawan, had vowed to end the trend of budget delays, by repeatedly advising the Presidency to present the 2020 Appropriation Bill on time so that it could be passed before lawmakers proceed on Christmas break.
The 2020 budget was increased from N10.33 trillion to N10.594billion by the National Assembly. N560.47 billion of the total budget is for statutory transfers while N2.7 trillion is for debt service.
Other breakdown of the budget include N4,842,974,600,640 for Recurrent Expenditure; Capital expenditure N2,465,418,006,955; Fiscal Deficit N2.28 trillion and Deficit/GDP N1.52 per cent.
The budget as passed by the National Assembly also maintained Nigeria’s daily oil production rate at 2.18 million per barrel, but increased the Oil Benchmark Price to 57 dollars per barrel against the 55 dollars proposed by the Executive.
The signed 2020 budget also retained inflation rate at 10.81 per cent and the exchange rate at N305 to a dollars as proposed by the executive.
President Buhari, in his speech at the signing into law of the 2020 Appropriation Bill, said he was very pleased that the National Assembly worked uncommonly long hours to ensure detailed legislative review and passage of the Budget within two months.
Read the speech by President Buhari at the signing into law of the 2020 Appropriation Bill below:
1. It is my pleasant duty, today, on my 77th birthday, to sign the 2020 Appropriation Bill into law. I thank the National Assembly, in particular, the Senate President, the Speaker of the House of Representatives, and indeed all the Distinguished and Honourable Leaders, and Members, for passing the 2020 Appropriation Bill, expeditiously.
2. You will recall, that I laid the 2020 Appropriation Bill before the Joint Session of the National Assembly on 8th October, 2019 and forwarded the 2019 Finance Bill shortly thereafter.
3. I am very pleased that the National Assembly worked uncommonly long hours in the interest of our people and the national economy to ensure detailed legislative review and passage of the Budget within two months.
4. This patriotic zeal adopted by the Ninth National Assembly has restored our budget cycle to a predictable January to December fiscal year.
5. Furthermore, in the twenty years since the return to civilian democracy, this will be just the fourth time that the Federal Budget was passed before the end of the previous year, and this is the earliest.
6. The passage of the Finance Bill, which I am told will be done in the coming days, will also be a landmark achievement worthy of recognition, being the first time, this has been done in the last twenty years.
7. We look forward to receiving this Bill, shortly, for Presidential Assent. Once passed into law, the Finance Bill will support the funding and implementation of the 2020 Budget. We shall sustain this tradition by ensuring that subsequent budgets are also accompanied by a Finance Bill.
8. For these achievements, I must therefore congratulate and thank the Distinguished Senate President, the Right Honourable Speaker and indeed, all members of the Federal Legislature for their commitment and support.
9. I equally thank the Ninth National Assembly for supporting important legislations such as the Deep Offshore and Inland Basin Production Sharing Contract Amendment Act and the 2019 Finance Bill. These laws are vital to the successful implementation of the 2020 Budget.
10. I am aware of the regular high-level discussions that took place, between senior officials of the Executive and the Legislature during this period. I commend this renewed partnership, the mutual understanding as well as collaboration between these two arms of government.
11. Now, we are well positioned to effectively implement the budget and deliver our promises to Nigerians. Businesses will also benefit as they are now in a position to plan more effectively.
12. We have to sustain this harmonious working relationship. I expect that, going forward, this will be the norm.
13. I have directed that efforts be made to ensure the presentation of the 2021 Appropriation Bill to the National Assembly in September 2020. I am confident that all Federal Ministries, Departments and Agencies will cooperate with the Ministry of Finance, Budget and National Planning to keep to this timeline.
14. I will work with the Ninth National Assembly to give effect to the constitutional, legislative and other actions that may be necessary to address the various challenges currently associated with our federal budgeting process, including the enactment of an Organic Budget Bill.
15. The 2020 Budget passed by the National Assembly provides for aggregate expenditures of Ten-point-Five-Nine-Four Trillion Naira (N10.594 trillion), an increase of Two Hundred and Sixty-Three-point-Nine-Five Billion Naira (N263.95 billion) over the Executive’s Proposal that was submitted in October 2019. We have examined the adjustments and may revert to the National Assembly with a request for a Virement or other relevant amendments.
16. The Honourable Minister of Finance, Budget and National Planning will make a public presentation of the details of the approved budget.
17. With today’s global oil market outlook and our strategic approach to revenue growth, we are optimistic that we will be able to finance the 2020 Budget.
18. However, being a deficit budget, an appropriate 2020 – 2022 Borrowing Plan will be forwarded to the National Assembly, in due course.
19. Mr. Senate President, Right Honourable Speaker, for this submission, I will once again count on your usual cooperation and support by ensuring quick consideration and approval of the Plan.
20. To optimize the desired impact, I have directed the Ministry of Finance, Budget and National Planning and all Federal MDAs to ensure effective implementation of the 2020 Budget.
21. I wish to acknowledge the efforts of the Minister of Finance, Budget and National Planning, the Budget Office of the Federation, and all stakeholders, who collaborated and worked painstakingly, to produce the 2020 Appropriation Bill, that I have just signed into law.
22. I thank you most sincerely for your kind attention.
23. May God continue to bless the Federal Republic of Nigeria.
Vice-President Yemi Osinbajo; Senate President Ahmad Lawan; the Speaker, House of Representatives, Femi Gbajabiamila; Secretary to the Government of the Federation, Mr Boss Mustapha as well as presidential aides witnessed the signing of the budget at President’s mini-conference hall.
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